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A SILKWORK PICTURE MADE FOR THE GORDON REGIMENT WITH BATTLE HONOURS AND FLAGS, C.1902

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A SILKWORK PICTURE MADE FOR THE GORDON REGIMENT WITH BATTLE HONOURS AND FLAGS,

Circa 1902.

The Crest of the Marquess of Huntly, later the Duke of Gordon:

A Stag's Head above a ducalCoronet within a wreath of ivy and, below, the Lowland Scots motto BYDAND (Watchful).

Regiment - Year and Title

·

1787 - 75th Highland Regiment raised (known as Abercromby's).

1809 - 75th Regiment of Foot (ceased to wear Highland Dress).

1862 - Renamed the 75th Stirlingshire Regiment.

1881 - 1st Battalion The Gordon Highlanders, on amalgamation with the 92nd Regiment.

Regiment - Year and Title

·

1794 - 100th (Highland) Regiment of Foot raised (known as the Gordon Highlanders).

1798 - Renumbered the 92nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot.

1803 - A 2nd Battalion raised.

1814 - 2nd Battalion disbanded.

1861 - 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment.

1881 - 2nd Battalion The Gordon Highlanders, on amalgamation with the 75th Regiment.

Regiment - Year and Title

·

1948 - 2nd Battalion absorbed into the 1st Battalion.

1994 - 1st Battalion The Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons), on amalgamation with the Queen's Own Highlanders.

The Gordon Highlanders were raised in 1794 by the 4th Duke of Gordon whose wife, the beautiful Duchess Jean, is reputed to have promised a kiss to all recruits who "took the shilling." They were originally numbered the 100th Regiment) but in 1798 became the 92nd, under which number they were known until their amalgamation with the 75th Regiment in 1881. On the amalgamation, the 75th became the 1st Battalion The Gordon Highlanders, and the 92nd the 2nd Battalion.

The 92nd's first campaign abroad was against Holland in 1799. At the battle of Egmont-op-Zee General, afterwards Sir John Moore, was carried wounded off the field by two Gordons but a reward of £20 offered by him on his recovery was never claimed. When General Moore was created a Knight of the Bath in 1804 he chose as one of the supporters of his coat-of-arms the figure of a Gordon Highlander.

The regiment next saw service in Egypt, where it distinguished itself at the battle of Mandora in 1801. The Cameronians and Gordons are the only regiments which have this historic name among their honours. The regiment was also awarded eight battle honours for its gallant services in the Peninsular War.

In 1815, at the battle of Waterloo, there took place one of the most glorious incidents in the history of the regiment. Just as the Gordons were about to charge, the Scots Greys came up and with shouts of "Scotland for ever" both regiments charged together. Many of the Highlanders are alleged to have grasped the Greys' legs and stirrup-leathers as they swept forward and in three minutes the French column was completely shattered.

In 1872 the regiment adopted the Stag's Head, with the motto "Bydand" , as its crest, replacing the Sphinx with the word Egypt," which had been in use since 1805. The 92nd served throughout the Afghan War of 1878-1880 and shared in the hardships of the famous march from Kabul to Kandahar.

The 75th was raised in 1787 and was popularly known as Abercromby's Highlanders. The regiment went into action for the first time in the campaign of 1790 against the Sultan of Mysore and also took part in the later campaign of 1799.

The 75th rendered distinguished service in the Indian Mutiny and formed part of the force which relieved Lucknow.

After the amalgamation of the 75th and 92nd in 1881 the Gordons took part in the Egyptian Wars of 1882-1884. Some ten years later they were fighting on the North-West Frontier of India and it was at Dargai in 1897 that Piper Findlater, V.C., though shot through both ankles sat up under a heavy fire and played the regimental march to speed the charge of his comrades.

Both the 1st and 2nd Battalions saw much service in the South African War of 1899-1902, the 2nd Battalion forming part of the garrison which defended Ladysmith for 120 days.

In the war of 1914-1918 the regiment consisted of 21 battalions and took part in all the main actions on the Western Front, including Mons, Loos and the battles of Ypres, the Somme and Arras. The 2nd Battalion also served in the Italian campaign of 1917-1918. Only the 1st and 2nd battalions were regulars, the others consisted of the Special Reserve, Territorial and War Service battalions.

In the 1939-1945 war the Gordons served in France and Belgium, Malaya, North Africa, Sicily, Italy, Burma and North-West Europe.


Regimental Tartan

·

Kilt of 92nd Gordon tartan. It was worn by all ranks, including the band.

In 1994 the regiment was amalgamated with the Queen's Own Highlanders. Their new title being The Highlanders (Seaforths, Gordons and Camerons).

Regimental Tartans

·

78th Mackenzie tartan, 79th Cameron of Erracht and the 92nd Gordon tartan.

It was decided that the regiment, less the pipers and drummers, should wear the Gordon tartan kilt and a patch of Cameron tartan in the Balmoral bonnet.

The pipers and drummers wear the Cameron kilt and a patch of Gordon tartan in the Balmoral bonnet.

The regiment as a whole also wear trews of Mackenzie tartan.

The Highlanders are still an active serving regiment in the British Army.