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Botanical Sunflower Engraving,  Solis flos Peruvianus & Solis flos maior by Michael Bernhard Valentini from Vividarium Reformatum seu Regnum Vegetable, Franfurt 1719

Botanical Sunflower Engraving,

Solis flos Peruvianus, Solis flos maior

by Michael Bernhard Valentini from Vividarium Reformatum seu Regnum vegetable, Franfurt 1719

after Johann Theodor de Bry's Florilegium novum, hoc est of 1612.

Dimensions: 21 inches x 17 1/2 inches

The plates that illustrate the Florilegium are taken from a variety of sources, including Pierre Vallet's Le Jardin du Roy (Paris, 1608), Basilius Besler's Hortus Eystettensis (Eichstatt and Nuremberg, 1613) and Crispian van de Pass's Hortus floridus (Utrecht and Arnheim, 1614-1616)).

However, de Bry's plates are not just copies, as Oak Spring Flora comments: The unsurpassed mastery for which de Bry was known throughout Europe emerges clearly in the plates of this florilegium. Each has been carefully composed, and the confident lines of the engraving, with their fine shading, denote the hand of a true master.


Michael Bernhard Valentini (From Wikipedia)

Michael Bernhard Valentini

Michael Bernhard Valentini (26 November 1657 – 18 March 1729) was a German doctor and a collector. After obtaining his doctorate in 1686 in Giessen he became Professor of Medicine in that city and personal physician to the Margrave of Assia.

He had an important Cabinet of curiosities and was the author of Museorum Museum, the first study of collections in Europe. In 1720 he published a work on the comparative anatomy of vertebrates. He was elected a Member of the Royal Society on 10 November 1715 and was also a Member of the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher (Leopoldina) and the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin.  

In 1719 he published Viridarium reformatum, seu regnum vegetabilis Das ist eingerichtet und-Neu-buch vollständiges Kräuter, Worinnen alfo noch nicht geschehen Weise, als Kräutern Vegetabilien CRF, Sträuchen, Bäumen, Bluhmen Erd-und anderer Art Gewachsen, Krafft und beschreiben werden Würckung dergestalter , dass man dieses Werck statt einer Botanischen Bibliotheca haben, jedes zu seiner rechten Haupt Kraut-Art bringen, dessen Nutzen auch in der deutlich Artzney umständlich und finden ... (Anton Heinscheidt, Frankfurt am Main).  This volume contains any illustrated plates from various botanical works for the Florilegium novum and Florilegium and renovatum auctum of Johannes Theodorus de Bry (1561–1623) and others

German artist and engraver Johann Theodor de Bry  (1561-1623) was the son of Theodor de Bry, a famous and successful artist and engraver of the 16th century. After his father’s death in 1598, he took over his family business. His compilation of floral engravings were published between 1612 and 1618, in Florilegium novum, hoc est: variorum maximeque rariorum florum ac plantarum singularium un cum suis radicibus & cepis. This publication was widely held to be one of the finest in the world; an expanded edition was released by de Bry. Other artists whose work was featured in the florilegium include Vallet, Bresler and Van de Pas.

Johann Theodor de Bry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Johann Theodor de Bry (1561 – 1623), the elder son and pupil of Dirk De Bry, was born at Strasbourg in 1561. Like his father, he was an engraver and publisher. He greatly assisted his father in the important works in which he was engaged, as, for instance, the 'Florilegium novum,' which was published at Frankfort in 1612, and with the assistance of his brother Johannes Israel, he completed the two volumes of Boissard's 'Romanae urbis Topographia et Antiquitates,' which were left unfinished at his father's death. He also published 'Emblemata secularia,' 1596, and added considerably to the collection of Portraits of Illustrious Persons, begun by his father. His pupil was Frederik van Hulsen.[1] He died at Frankfort in 1623. His prints are signed with the initials J. T. B. or a monogram.

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