English Commemorative President James Garfield Pottery Bowl with an acrostic on the reverse comparing America's loss to Great Britain's loss of Prince Albert,
Maker: Whittingham, Ford & Riley, Burslem
The bowl with a portrait of President Garfield, named below and with the American and British flags behind and an American Eagle above.
On the reverse an acrostic which reads as follows:
Was Born November 19th 1831
Elected President of America Nov 2nd 1880
Shot by Guiteau July 2nd 1881
Died September 19th 1881
Garfield is Dead-His Memory blest
Angels welcomed Him Home to Rest
Radiant His Life-In Suffering Brave
Friendship Now WeepsO'er A Martyr's Grave
Intwined In a Bond of Sympathy Sweet
England's and America's Widows Greet
Like Albert-Was Garfield a Nation's Pride
Devoutly They Lived. Beloved They Died
(within an oak leaf garland.)
Dimensions: 5 inches diameter x 3 1/2 inches x 3 inches high.
Mark: W F & R for Whittingham, Ford & Riley, Burslem, c.1876-82
Reference: See Collecting Political Americana by Edmund B. Sullivan, pages 92 & 93 where there is mention of a pitcher with the same decoration.
James Garfield was the Twentieth President, 1881. He was born on November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio. He died on September 19, 1881, in Elbberon, New Jersey after being shot July 2 in Washington D.C..
As the last of the "log cabin Presidents", James A. Garfield attacked political corruption and won back for the Presidency a measure of prestige it had lost during the Reconstruction period.
On July 2, 1881, in a Washington railroad station, an embittered attorney who had sought a consular post shot the President. Mortally wounded, Garfield lay in the White House for weeks. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, tried unsuccessfully to find the bullet with an induction-balance electrical device which he had designed. On September 6, Garfield was taken to the New Jersey seaside. For a few days he seemed to be recuperating, but on September 19, 1881, he died from an infection and internal hemorrhage.
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